Newfoundland and Labrador
Capital City: St. John’s
Nestled into the northeast corner of North America, facing the North Atlantic is Newfoundland, Canada’s most easterly province. This province consists of two distinct geographical entities: Newfoundland and Labrador. Its historical settlers ranged from the 16th century Basque whalers to the famous Viking warriors. The province’s present population of 509,700 is largely descended from settlers from southwestern England and southern Ireland, who immigrated to Newfoundland in the late 1700s and early 1800s.
The pattern of settlement was mainly determined by the fishing industry, and persists to this day. The most heavily populated area is the Avalon Peninsula and northeastern Newfoundland, the traditional base for the fisheries. More than half of the people live in fishing villages along the coastline. St. John’s, the historic commercial centre and capital of the island, is the province’s largest city, with a population of approximately 182,500.